Deaf Japanese History: 1800's

1868
Education of the blind and deaf in western countries first reported in Japan.

1872
- Yozo Yamao, government official, submits to Cabinet petition for establishment of school for both deaf and blind children.

- Education system starts, encouraging disabled children to receive education.

1874
- Public Relief Act first enacted, defining disabled persons as incompetent and dependent.

1875- Education for the blind and deaf starts in Kyoto; Denbei Kumagi, city leader, consults Furukawa Tashiro about teaching the deaf child of a neighbor; Furukawa becomes first hearing teacher of blind and deaf children.

1878
- First school for the blind and deaf opens in Kyoto; 17 blind and deaf-mute children enrolled.

- School Law enacted.

- Schools for the blind and deaf-mute assumed to be various institutions in a category.

1879
Institution for the blind and deaf-mute opens in Osaka, but closed the next year.

1880
- Dr. Faulds, English missionary, attempts to set up school in Tokyo, and Nakamura Masanao and high ranking government officials join his effort.

- Tokyo Institution for the Blind admits deaf-mute children, renamed to Tokyo Institution for the Blind and Deaf-Mute in 1883.

1885
Tokyo Institution for the Blind and Deaf-Mute funded by government.

1886
- Elementary School Law issued.

- Compulsory education system established, yet the blind and deaf-mute excluded.

1889
Kyoto Institution placed under Kyoto city due to financial burden.

1890
Imperial rescript on education proclaimed.

1891
- Criminal Procedure Code and the Civil Procedure Code enact, describing official status of sign language interpreting in legal proceedings.

- First association of the deaf set up by alumni in Tokyo, "Tokyo Alumni Association for the Blind and Deaf-Mute."

1898
Alexander Graham Bell visits Japan and lectures on education of the deaf-mute.

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