Japanese Deaf History: Ancient time until 1800's

- People have fear toward the unusual appearance of persons with disabilities overlapped with the divine nature.

- Some ancient documents, such like "Nihonshoki" and "Kojiki" which include "Ebisu myth", tell that child born with disability is taken to the boat and sent far away.

- Ancient princes born mute to the ancient royalty.

- God with disability appears in folk beliefs. Belief that he is enshrined remains.

- People have hateful feeling and disgust against persons with strange appearances as well as reverence feeling for the uncommonness.

- Karma spreads by transmitting the Buddhism through Korea from India. ("Karma" is the idea that the happiness or unhappiness in this world are the fate not made easily even if not going by the sin in the previous life; one can escape the sin by piling up the good deeds and pious acts in this world, and keep oneself happy in the next world.)

- Persons with disabilities and/or the fatal disease unable to do nothing but thought they have a sin, and deserted by the family: they chased away from temples, and continue roaming on the riverside and the road.

- Family who has the mind hide the member with disability in the house so as not to attract public attention.

- Because of deformed figure and unusual behavior, person seen strange. Lack of production capacity makes him treated as burden for the family and the society.

- "A mute beggar hits a rice bowl in the rain"
It is a famous haiku produced by Issa Kobayashi, which satirizes social position of the deaf at that time. The deaf-mute beggar stands in the front door, asking for a meal by pitifully hitting the rice bowl instead of speaking for a request.

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