Deaf Japanese History: 1990's

"The Deaf Movement Quarterly," one of JFD's publications, changed to name "Mimi Quarterly."

11th World Congress of the World Federation of the Deaf takes place in Tokyo, attracting over 6,000 participants from all over world.

JFD commissioned by Ministry of Health and Welfare to promote and spread sign language.

JFD holds Leadership Training Seminar for Asian Deaf Persons.

- JFD begins "Leadership Training of Asian and Oceanian Deaf Persons" under sponsorship of Japan International Cooperation Agency.

- First experimental use of communications satellite to broadcast television programs made exclusively for the Deaf.

JFD begins its 50th Anniversary "National Caravan of the Deaf for Discussion with Governors."

- JFD holds Goal Ceremony of the above event, commemorates its 50th Anniversary at 45th National Conference and publishes Japanese-Japanese Sign Language Dictionary.

- After the JFD national conference held in Saitama Prefecture, a nationwide movement starts, aimed to revise Civil Law Article 969, which stipulates that no notary deed drawn up with the assistance of sign language interpreters and/or note takers be accepted. As a result of the movement, the Ministry of Justice responds that they would look into this matter from a positive perspective.

- In December, JFD sends a petition requesting the revision of the Diet (National Legislature) Bill on Speech Therapist Qualification which includes the disqualifying clause that "deaf people are not eligible for obtaining qualification." However, the Bill with the disqualification clauses adopted at both the House of Representatives and House of Councilors, with an accompanying resolution attached to review the disqualification clauses in the actual enactment of the law. This incident strengthens the partnership with other organizations such as the All Japan Association of Hard of Hearing People and accelerates the movement to abolish the discriminatory laws.

- A Network of Health Care Professionals Concerned with Medical Issues of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Persons is formed.

- In June, at the General Assembly of JFD held in conjunction with the National Conference in Aomori Prefecture, JFD decides to advance the movement to eliminate all legal discrimination in order to realize the "revision of all disqualification clauses," which is one of the targets in the National Action Plan for Persons with Disabilities, adopted in 1995.

- Toyoki Ando elected as president for the first time at the JFD Conference at Aomori Prefecture.

- In July, JFD sets forth its "Action Policy for the Movement to Revise Discriminatory Laws," which focuses on the collection of 1 million signatures from the general public, fundraising, and petition to national and local legislatures. With this policy, JFD invites other national organizations related to deaf persons to participate in the first joint movement and launches the Headquarters in autumn.

- While the Headquarters started negotiations with relevant ministries in November, local headquarters established in 47 prefectures throughout Japan by the end of January 1999. The Headquarters and local headquarters starts signature collection and fund-raising activities as well as lobbying local assemblies to adopt statements.

- Nationwide campaign to revise discriminatory laws begins; over 2,220,000 signatures collected.

The Dragon's Kids School, a tutoring school, formed to teach deaf children in Japanese Sign Language as their primary language, and to teach how to write and read in Japanese.

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